Tag Archives: Cancer Hope

 Dr-PKB1            Dr-PKB2

The Messiah of Cancer Patients. A very great and Noble Soul. The Best Oncologist available to Cancer Patients in Northern India. He is Dr. Praveen Kumar Bansal. Director Medical Oncology at "ASIAN INSTITUTE OF MEDICAL SCIENCES" Badkal Flyover Road, Faridabad, Haryana. It is a Super Speciality Hospital for Cancer Treatment. Kindly consult him especially if you are losing Hope In Cancer Treatment. You will realize the difference between good and the very best.

Kindly Like and Share this Blog, so that more and more Cancer Patients can benefit from his extraordinary skills and expertise.

The Contact Detail of Dr. Praveen Kumar Bansal - +91-9650099244 (He is always available on this no. He always picks the phone). The Hospital also has a website http://www.aimsindia.com

 

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Inside your abdominal cavity is the long, tubular digestive tract. The second part of this tube -- the large intestine -- is composed of the colon, which stretches 4 feet to 6 feet, and the rectum, which is only 4 inches to 6 inches long.

The inner lining of this "colorectal tube" can be a fertile breeding ground for small tumors, called polyps (Figure 1). About a quarter of all adults in the U.S. older than age 50 will have at least one colorectal polyp. Most colorectal cancers develop from polyps in glandular tissue of the intestinal lining.

Most polyps are benign, but at least one type is known to be precancerous. These are called adenomatous polyps.

The size of the polyp correlates with the development of Cancer. Polyps less than 1 centimeter in size have a slightly greater than a 1% chance of becoming cancer, but those 2 centimeters or greater have a 40% chance of transforming into cancer. Overall, the incidence is about 5%. Most colorectal cancers develop from polyps in glandular tissue of the intestinal lining.

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If colorectal cancer is diagnosed and treated early while the tumor is still localized, the disease is highly curable, with five-year survival rates of about 90%. If the tumor continues to grow, cancer can spread directly through the bowel wall to surrounding lymph nodes, tissues, and organs, as well as into the bloodstream.

Once the cancer spreads to lymph nodes or other organs, successful treatment becomes more difficult. Depending on how advanced the disease is, five-year survival rates range from 9% to 93%.

Cancers of the colon and rectum are the third most common cancer in the U.S., with approximately 150,000 cases diagnosed each year. Like many cancers, colorectal cancer is of particular concern for people older than age 50.

Although diagnosis is often possible at an early stage, many people delay seeking medical care because they are embarrassed or fearful of symptoms related to their bowels. Risk increases significantly after age 50 and continues to increase with age.

What Causes Colorectal Cancer?
The exact cause of colorectal cancer is not known. But there are several risk factors for the disease.

  • Other diseases. Colorectal cancer is strongly associated with certain other diseases. Those people considered at high risk include anyone with a personal or family history of colon polyps or colon cancer, inflammatory disease of the colon such as ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease, and cancers of the pancreas, breast, ovaries, or uterus.
  • Heredity. As with any cancer, susceptibility to colorectal cancer is at least partly determined by genetic makeup. A few people inherit medical conditions, such as familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP), MYH-associated polyposis (MAP), Gardner's syndrome, Turcot's syndrome, Peutz-Jagher's syndrome, juvenile polyposis, and Cowden's disease. In all of these disorders, colon polyps develop at an early age and unless treated, these people are almost certain to develop colorectal cancer.
  • Hereditary nonpolyposis colon cancer. The disease extends from generation to generation and causes a person to develop colon cancer. This disease is associated with other cancers including endometrial, small bowel, upper urinary tract, bladder, ovary, stomach, bile duct, skin, and some pancreatic cancers. This is also known as the Lynch Syndrome.
  • Diet. Diet also contributes to the risk of colorectal cancer, although the cause-and-effect relationship is still unclear. People whose diets are high in fruits and vegetables seem to have a reduced risk. Many studies implicate animal fat and protein as promoters of colorectal cancer, although researchers are cautious about drawing any definite conclusions. Some studies show that regularly eating red meat, which is rich in saturated fat and protein, increases risk, while others find no connection. Some scientists note that fat is the main culprit, while others suspect protein. Others contend that it's not the fat and protein themselves, but the way they are cooked. They note that fats and protein cooked at high temperatures -- especially when broiled and barbecued -- can produce a host of potentially carcinogenic substances linked to colorectal cancer.
  • Chemical exposure. Heavy exposure to certain chemicals, including chlorine -- which in small amounts is commonly used to purify drinking water -- may increase the risk of colorectal cancer. Exposure to asbestos is thought to be potentially harmful because it has been implicated in causing formation of polyps in the colon.
  • History of certain types of surgery. Surgeries such as ureterosigmoidostomy, which is performed in the treatment of bladder cancer, and a cholecsytecomy (the removal of the gallbladder). Some studies show surgery of the bladder may lead to a risk for colon cancer development, but other studies do not.
  • History of colon cancer. A prior case of colon cancer increases the risk of a second colon cancer, especially if the first cancer was diagnosed before the age of 60.
  • Smoking and alcohol intake of more than 4 drinks per week increases the risk of developing colon cancer.
  • Family history. Those with a first-degree relative with colorectal cancer have an increased risk of the disease. The risk increases if more than one first-degree relative has colon cancer.
  • Radiation. Prior radiation increases the risk of cancer to the radiated tissue only.

Understanding Colorectal Cancer

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Colorectal Cancer: What Is It?

When doctors find colorectal cancer early, it’s highly curable. It happens when abnormal cells grow in the lining of the large intestine (also called the colon) or rectum. This is a common cancer in both men and women. It has the second highest rate of cancer deaths in the U.S.

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What Are Polyps?

Colorectal cancers often start out as polyps -- harmless growths on the inside of the intestines. The two most common types of intestinal polyps are adenomas and hyperplastic polyps. They form when there are problems with the way cells grow and repair the lining of the colon. Most polyps stay harmless, but some can turn cancerous. Removing them early prevents the disease.

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Risk Factors You Can't Control

Your risk of colorectal cancer depends on your family history and lifestyle. Things you can't control include:

  • Age -- most people with it are older than 50
  • Polyps or inflammatory bowel disease
  • Family history of colorectal cancer
  • History of ovarian or breast cancer

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Risk Factors You Can Control

You can control some things that raise the risk of colorectal cancer. Try to avoid these:

  • Diet high in red or processed meats, or those cooked at high temperatures
  • Obesity (having too much fat around the waist)
  • Not exercising enough
  • Smoking
  • Heavy alcohol use

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What Are the Symptoms?

Colorectal cancer doesn’t have early warning signs, so it's important to get screened. Finding it early means it's more curable. As the disease gets worse, you may see blood in your stool or have pain in your belly, a change in bowel habits (like constipation or diarrhea), unexplained weight loss, or fatigue. By the time these symptoms appear, tumors tend to be bigger and harder to treat.

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Tests that Find Colorectal Cancer

Screening tests are key to finding it early. Starting at age 50, most people should have a colonoscopy every 10 years. This test uses a tube with a tiny camera to look at the whole colon and rectum. It not only finds tumors early, but can also prevent colorectal cancer by removing polyps (shown here).

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Virtual Colonoscopy

One type of colonoscopy uses a CT scan to show a 3-D model of your colon. Called virtual colonoscopy, the test can show polyps or other problems without actually placing a camera inside your body. The main disadvantage is that if your doctor finds polyps, you would still need a real colonoscopy to take them out. Your doctor may suggest you have the virtual kind once every 5 years.

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Barium Enema

Barium enema X-rays allow your doctor a glimpse at the inside of the colon and rectum. It’s another way to find polyps, tumors, or other changes in your intestines. Seen here is an X-ray that shows an "apple core" tumor blocking the colon. Like in a virtual colonoscopy, doctors follow up any abnormalities with a regular colonoscopy. Your doctor may suggest you have a barium enema once every five years.

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Flexible Sigmoidoscopy

Instead of a colonoscopy, your doctor may recommend flexible sigmoidoscopy. This test uses a slender tube to look inside your rectum and the bottom part of your colon. The tube has a light and a camera and shows polyps and cancer. If your doctor says this is the right test for you, you should get one every 5 years.

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Fecal Blood Tests

The fecal occult blood test and fecal immunochemical test can show whether you have blood in your stool, which can be a sign of cancer. You give samples of your stool to the doctor to study. You may have one of these tests in the years that you don’t have a colonoscopy or sigmoidoscopy. If your doctor says one of the fecal blood tests is right for you, you should take it every year.

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An At-Home Choice: DNA Test

A new test called Cologuard looks for blood or suspicious DNA in your stool sample. The test is very accurate at finding colon cancer, but if it does, you still need to follow up with a colonoscopy. Cologuard can’t take the place of a colonoscopy, and it’s so new that the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force doesn’t have guidelines for it yet. A doctor can write a prescription for Cologuard in most U.S. states.

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The Right Diagnosis

If a test shows a possible tumor, the next step is a biopsy. During the colonoscopy, your doctor takes out polyps and gets tissue samples from any parts of the colon that look suspicious. Experts study the tissue under a microscope to see whether or not it is cancerous. Shown here is a color-enhanced, magnified view of colon cancer cells.

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The Stages of Colorectal Cancer

Experts "stage" any cancers they find -- a process to see how far the cancer has spread. Higher stages mean you have a more serious case of cancer. Tumor size doesn’t always make a difference. Staging also helps your doctor decide what type of treatment you get.

  • Stage 0 -- Cancer is only in the innermost lining of the colon or rectum.
  • Stage I -- Cancer has grown into the muscle layer of the colon or rectum.
  • Stage II -- Cancer has grown into or through the outermost layer of the colon or rectum.
  • Stage III -- Cancer has spread to one or more lymph nodes in the area.
  • Stage IV -- Cancer has spread to other parts of the body, such as the liver, lung, or bones.

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Survival Rates

The outlook for your recovery depends on the stage of your cancer. The “5-year survival rate” means the percentage of people who live 5 years or more after being diagnosed. Stage I has a 74% 5-year survival rate, while stage IV has a 5-year survival rate of only 6%.

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Can Surgery Help Me?

Surgery has a very high cure rate in the early stages of colorectal cancer. In all but the last stage, doctors remove the tumors and surrounding tissue. If they are big, your doctor may need to take out an entire piece of your colon or rectum. If the cancer affects your liver, lungs, or other organs, surgery probably won’t cure you. But it may help reduce your symptoms.

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Fighting Advanced Cancer

Colorectal cancer can still sometimes be cured even if it has spread to your lymph nodes (stage III). Treatment typically involves surgery, radiation (shown here), and chemotherapy. If the cancer comes back or spreads to other organs, it will probably be harder to cure. But radiation and chemotherapy may still reduce symptoms and help you live longer.

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Will Chemo Make Me Feel Bad?

Newer chemotherapy drugs are less likely to make you sick. There are also medicines that can help you control your nausea.

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Radiofrequency Ablation

Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) uses intense heat to burn away tumors. Guided by a CT scan, a doctor inserts a needle-like device into a tumor and the surrounding area. RFA can destroy some tumors that can’t be surgically removed, like in the liver. Chemotherapy can work with RFA.

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Prevent Colorectal Cancer With Diet

You can take steps to dramatically lower your odds of getting colorectal cancer. Eat a nutritious diet, get enough exercise, and control your body fat. Those habits prevent 45% of colorectal cancers. The American Cancer Society recommends a diet heavy on fruits and vegetables, light on processed and red meat, and with whole grains instead of refined grains. That will help you keep a healthy weight.

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Prevent Cancer With Exercise

Adults who stay active seem to have a powerful weapon against colorectal cancer. In one study, the most active people were 24% less likely to have the cancer than the least active. It didn't matter whether what they did was work or play. The American Cancer Society recommends exercising 5 or more days a week for at least 30 minutes a day. Vigorous exercise gives you even more benefits in less time -- 20 minutes 3 or 4 days a week.

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  1. You may have heard that chemicals in antiperspirants can get into your body through razor nicks and cause breast cancer. If this idea makes you break out in a cold sweat, here’s some peace of mind: Experts say there’s no evidence this is true.
  1. Don’t panic if you find a lump. Most aren’t cancer. Many women have lumps caused by fluid-filled sacs called cysts or a buildup of scar-like tissue. But a new lump or mass that is hard, painless, and has rough edges may be more likely to be cancer. Breast cancers also can be tender, soft, or round. Watch for breast pain, swelling, dimpling, nipples that hurt or leak liquid, or any redness or thickening of the skin. Always see your doctor if you notice anything different.
  1. Women who have many children and get pregnant at a younger age have a lower risk. That may be because pregnancy reduces a woman’s total number of periods. Scientists think more exposure to period-related hormones may increase breast cancer risk.
  1. In the 14th century, breast cancer was so common among religious women, most of whom had no children, that it became known as nuns’ disease.
  1. Anyone with breast tissue can get breast cancer, even men. But some things make it more likely. Breast cancer in your family -- on your mother’s side or your father’s -- raises your chances. You’re also more likely to get breast cancer if you’ve had it before. Most women have some risk factors, but most don’t get the disease.
  1. One in eight women in the U.S. will develop breast cancer in her lifetime. Breast cancer is about 100 times more common among women, although men can get it, too. Age is another factor; 2 out of 3 women with invasive breast cancer are age 55 or older.
  1. Regular mammograms lower your chances of dying from the disease. The test is an X-ray of the breast. It can find cancer before you can feel it or have symptoms. The American Cancer Society says most women should get one every year after age 40. Don’t worry that the test could harm you. The amount of radiation in mammograms is too small to be a cancer risk.
  1. Some deodorants or antiperspirants have ingredients like aluminum that can show up on the X-ray image as white spots. What else can you do to make the test go smoothly? Schedule the exam when your breasts aren’t swollen or tender. For example, try to avoid the week before your period.
  1. These days, it’s hard to miss that pink is the official color of breast cancer awareness. But the first ribbon for the cause, designed by a breast cancer survivor, was peach. Charlotte Hayley attached the ribbons to cards she handed out at supermarkets. She asked people to wear them to draw attention to the need for breast cancer prevention research.
  1. Here’s another reason to get off the couch: Walking, swimming, biking, and other regular exercise seems to lower breast cancer risk by 10% to 20%. Women who have gone through menopause benefit most from being active, but the American Cancer Society says 150 minutes of moderate exercise throughout the week is good for everyone.

 Shama4

7 Weeks have elapsed since Shama's critical cancer treatment has started. It is a long journey of approx. 24 months. It is very critical that this treatment continues till the time it is being prescribed, otherwise any sort of stoppage / hindrance would undo the medicines effects and could prove fatal for her. Hence, it is a humble request to all our well wishers to keep in touch and keep doing their bit so that this arduous journey of her treatment gets completed without any hiccups............. Thanks all the guys for being there for her.....

 

Precancerous Skin Lesions and Skin Cancers

 Skin Cancer1
The Warning Signs of Skin Cancer

Skin cancers -- including melanoma, basal cell carcinoma, and squamous cell carcinoma -- often start as changes to your skin. They can be new growths or precancerous lesions -- changes that are not cancer but could become cancer over time. An estimated 40% to 50% of fair-skinned people who live to be 65 will develop at least one skin cancer. Learn to spot the early warning signs. Skin cancer can be cured if it's found and treated early.

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Actinic Keratosis (Solar Keratosis)

These small, scaly patches are caused by too much sun, and commonly occur on the head, neck, or hands, but can be found elsewhere. They can be an early warning sign of skin cancer, but it’s hard to tell whether a particular patch will continue to change over time and become cancerous. Most do not, but doctors recommend early treatment to prevent the development of squamous cell skin cancer.  Fair-skinned, blond, or red-haired people with blue or green eyes are most at risk.

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Actinic Cheilitis (Farmer's Lip)

Related to actinic keratosis, actinic cheilitis is a precancerous condition that usually appears on the lower lips. Scaly patches or persistent roughness of the lips may be present. Less common symptoms include swelling of the lip, loss of the sharp border between the lip and skin, and prominent lip lines. Actinic cheilitis may evolve into invasive squamous cell carcinoma if not treated.

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Cutaneous Horns

The cutaneous horn appears as a funnel-shaped growth that extends from a red base on the skin. It is composed of compacted keratin (the same protein in nails). It is a specialized type of actininc keratosis. The size and shape of the growth can vary considerably, but most are a few millimeters in length. Squamous cell carcinoma can be found at the base. It usually occurs in fair-skinned elderly adults with a history of significant sun exposure.

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When Is a Mole a Problem?

A mole (nevus) is a benign growth of melanocytes, cells that gives skin its color. Although very few moles become cancer, abnormal or atypical moles can develop into melanoma over time. "Normal" moles can appear flat or raised or may begin flat and become raised over time. The surface is typically smooth. Moles that may have changed into skin cancer are often irregularly shaped, contain many colors, and are larger than the size of a pencil eraser. Most moles develop in youth or young adulthood. It's unusual to acquire a mole in the adult years.

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Dysplastic Nevi (Atypical Moles)

Atypical moles are not cancer, but they can become cancer. They can be found in sun-exposed or sun-protected areas of the body. Atypical moles may be larger (one-quarter inch across or larger) and more irregular in shape, with notched or fading borders. They may be flat or raised or the surface smooth or rough. They are typically of mixed color, including pink, red, tan, and brown.

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Know Your ABCDEs

Most moles on a person's body look similar to one another. A mole or freckle that looks different from the others or that has any characteristics of the ABCDEs of melanoma should be checked by a dermatologist. It could be cancerous. The ABCDEs are important characteristics to consider when examining your moles or other skin growths, so learn them in the slides to come.

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Know Your ABCDEs: 'A' is for Asymmetry

Asymmetry means one half of a mole does not match the other half. Normal moles are symmetrical. When checking your moles or freckles, draw an imaginary line through the middle and compare the two halves. If they do not look the same on both sides, have it checked by a dermatologist.

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Know Your ABCDEs: 'B' is for Border

If the border or edges of the mole are ragged, blurred, or irregular, have it checked by a dermatologist. Melanoma lesions often have uneven borders.

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Know Your ABCDEs: 'C' is for Color

A mole that does not have the same color throughout or that has shades of tan, brown, black, blue, white, or red is suspicious. Normal moles are usually a single shade of color. A mole of many shades or that has lightened or darkened should be checked by a doctor.

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Know Your ABCDEs: 'D' is for Diameter

A mole is suspicious if the diameter is larger than the eraser of a pencil.

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Know Your ABCDEs: 'E' is for Evolving

A mole that is evolving – shrinking, growing larger, changing color, begins to itch or bleed – should be checked. If a portion of the mole appears newly elevated, or raised from the skin, have it looked at by a doctor. Melanoma lesions often grow in size or change in height rapidly.

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Tips for Screening Moles for Cancer

Examine your skin on a regular basis. A common location for melanoma in men is on the back, and in women, the lower leg. But check your entire body for moles or suspicious spots once a month. Start at your head and work your way down. Check the "hidden" areas: between fingers and toes, the groin, soles of the feet, the backs of the knees. Check your scalp and neck for moles. Use a handheld mirror or ask a family member to help you look at these areas. Be especially suspicious of a new mole. Take a photo of moles and date it to help you monitor them for change. Pay special attention to moles if you're a teen, pregnant, or going through menopause, times when your hormones may be surging.

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How Are Moles Evaluated?

If you find a mole or spot that has any ABCDE's of melanoma -- or one that's tender, itching, oozing, scaly, doesn't heal or has redness or swelling beyond the mole -- see a doctor. Your doctor may want to remove a tissue sample from the mole and biopsy it. If found to be cancerous, the entire mole and a rim of normal skin around it will be removed and the wound stitched closed. Additional treatment may be needed.

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A Primer on Skin Cancer

Malignant melanoma, especially in the later stages, is serious and treatment is difficult. Early diagnosis and treatment can increase the survival rate. Nonmelanoma skin cancers include basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma. Both are common and are almost always cured when found early and treated. People who've had skin cancer once are at risk for getting it again; they should get a checkup at least once a year.

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Melanoma

Melanoma is not as common as other types of skin cancer, but it's the most serious and potentially deadly. Possible signs of melanoma include a change in the appearance of a mole or pigmented area. Consult a doctor if a mole changes in size, shape, or color, has irregular edges, is more than one color, is asymmetrical, or itches, oozes, or bleeds.

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Squamous Cell Carcinoma

This nonmelanoma skin cancer may appear as a firm red nodule, a scaly growth that bleeds or develops a crust, or a sore that doesn't heal. It most often occurs on the nose, forehead, ears, lower lip, hands, and other sun-exposed areas of the body. Squamous cell carcinoma is curable if caught and treated early. If the skin cancer becomes more advanced, treatment will depend on the stage of cancer.

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Bowen Disease

Bowen disease is also called squamous cell carcinoma "in situ." It is a type of skin cancer that spreads outward on the surface of the skin. By contrast, "invasive" squamous cell carcinomas can grow inward and spread to the interior of the body. Bowen disease looks like scaly, reddish patches that may be crusted; it may be mistaken for rashes, eczema, fungus, or psoriasis.

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Basal Cell Carcinoma

Basal cell carcinoma is the most common and easiest-to-treat skin cancer. Because basal cell carcinoma spreads slowly, it occurs mostly in adults. Basal cell tumors can take on many forms, including a pearly white or waxy bump, often with visible blood vessels, on the ears, neck, or face. Tumors can also appear as a flat, scaly, flesh-colored or brown patch on the back or chest, or more rarely, a white, waxy scar.

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Less Common Skin Cancers

Uncommon types of skin cancer include Kaposi's sarcoma, mainly seen in people with weakened immune systems; sebaceous gland carcinoma, an aggressive cancer originating in the oil glands in the skin; and Merkel cell carcinoma, which is usually found on sun-exposed areas on the head, neck, arms, and legs but often spreads to other parts of the body.

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Who Gets Skin Cancer, and Why?

Sun exposure is the biggest cause of skin cancer. But it doesn't explain skin cancers that develop on skin not ordinarily exposed to sunlight. Exposure to environmental hazards, radiation treatment, and even heredity may play a role. Although anyone can get skin cancer, the risk is greatest for people who have:

  • Fair skin or light-colored eyes
  • An abundance of large and irregularly-shaped moles
  • A family history of skin cancer
  • A history of excessive sun exposure or blistering sunburns
  • Lived at high altitudes or with year-round sunshine
  • Received radiation treatments

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Reduce Your Risk of Skin Cancer

Limit your exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays, especially between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m., when the sun's rays are strongest. While outdoors, liberally apply a broad spectrum sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or higher (don't forget the lips and ears!), wear a hat and sunglasses, and cover up with clothing. And remember, if you notice changes to your skin such as a new growth, a mole changing appearance, or a sore that won't heal, see a doctor right way.

(Content Courtesy: WebMD)

Total Leucocyte Counts (TLC)

Total Leucocytes Count (White Blood Cell Count)

Leucocytes are white blood cells. These are of various types:

Neutrophils

Basophils

Eosinophils

Monocytes

Lymphocytes

These cells take part in defense system of our body. Deficiency of these cells causes various infections in our body like in AIDS patients. Lymphocytes are very low and such type of patients are prone to develop infections like tuberculosis, viral and fungal infections. if neutrophils are low, as in cancer patients on chemotherapy they are prone to develop bacterial and fungal infections. When leucocytes are low, we call it leucopenia. When leucocytes are high, we call it leukocytosis.

If you have low TLC then it is a dangerous condition because life threatening infections can occur in body leading to fatalities. Usually, it occurs in patients suffering from cancer especially when under chemotherapy infusions. Many Chemotherapy drugs can cause low TLC. SO, DO NOT RESORT TO SELF MEDICATION AND DO NOT TAKE MEDICINES PRESCRIBED BY NON TRAINED PERSONS IMPOSING AS DOCTORS.

Leucocytes are mainly of two types:
Neutrophil - these cells fight against bacteria and fungal organism.
Lymphocytes - these cells fight against virus and chronic infections like tuberculosis, leprosy.

In HIV patients lymphocytes are defective and number is less, this is the reason why such patients are prone to develop viral and tuberculosis infections. immuno-compromised patients like HIV patients, person on steroids, cancer patients, kidney transplant patients are also prone to develop cancer. Lymphocytes are having protective role in prevention of cancer, person having defect in lymphocytes is more prone to develop cancer. That is why in HIV patients incidences of cancer are very high.

TLC (total leucocytes count) can increase under many conditions. Stress is the main factor. Stress can be of many types. Infection because of any agent can increase TLC count. Trauma, physical exertion can also increase TLC count. BLOOD CANCER  and many other types of cancer can increase TLC. If you have persistently raised TLC, do not ignore it.

(Content Courtesy: Dr. Praveen Kumar Bansal, Director Oncology, Asian Institute of Medical Sciences, Faridabad).

ESR — ERYTHROCYTE SEDIMENTATION RATE

It is a well known investigation, routinely done by doctors. Normal value of ESR is up to 20 mm in hour. Increased ESR is indicative of inflammatory condition in body. Inflammatory conditions can be because of infections, auto immune disease and cancer. Infection, most common is tuberculosis, Rheumatoid arthritis, lymphoma, multiple myeloma. So, if you have raised ESR, DO NOT IGNORE IT CONSULT DOCTOR IMMEDIATELY.

INFLAMMATION

Localized physical condition in which a part of the body gets reddened, swollen, hot and often painful, especially as a reaction to injury or infection shall not be ignored as just another thing but needs to be investigated. It can occur anywhere in body, even in internal organs of body and you cannot see but you may have symptoms like fever, pain etc. In fact it is reaction of body against any wrong happening in our body. It has been seen that any inflammation occurring in body for long time can cause cancer like hepatitis, ulcerative colitis, persistent ulcer etc. If you have any symptoms of inflammation followed by fever, weight loss, pain and you have raised ESR persistently, kindly do not ignore it, consult a doctor immediately.

Inflammation is mainly caused by chemicals like interleukins, cytokines (produced by many body cells in various situations). Obesity is a condition which increases inflammation  by releasing these chemicals. This is the reason why obesity is not good for health. Physical exercise also increases  levels of these chemicals but due to some unknown reasons it acts in opposite way (reduced inflammation). This is the reason why physical exercise is good for health and also to prevent many diseases like cancer. Now a days yoga is very popular. It is good for mental status but it cannot replace physical exercise. TO INCRESE LIFE SPAN DO REGULAR PHYSICAL EXERCISES.

(Content Courtesy: Dr. Praveen Kumar Bansal, Director, Oncology, Asian Institute of Medical Sciences, Faridabad)

javed43

cropped-shama4.jpg

One month has elapsed since Shama's critical cancer treatment has started. It is a long journey of approx. 24 months. It is very critical that this treatment continues till the time it is being prescribed, otherwise any sort of stoppage / hindrance would undo the medicines effects and could prove lethal for her. Hence, it is a humble request to all our well wishers to keep in touch and keep doing their bit so that this arduous journey of her treatment gets completed without any hiccups............. Thanks all the guys for being there.....